April 1865

Abraham Lincoln, Bronze Statue, Virginia

The South was preoccupied with their deep losses during the Civil War. This preoccupation was not unlike that of Nazi Germany, following Germany’s deep losses during WWI, before the Nazis were even formed. Largely, like the Nazis, the pre-Civil War South had severe financial problems. Seven immigrants from eight from other countries settled into the northern United States, and twice as many whites left the South for the North as those heading in the other direction.

There were deep-seated controversies over adding the slave state of Missouri to the Union, the acquisition of Texas as a slave state in 1845, and Manifest Destiny being used as an argument for gaining new lands where slavery would eventually become an issue, which mostly occurred after the much less devastating Mexican-American War of 1846-1848. The extremely popular anti-slavery novel,”Uncle Tom’s Cabin,” by Harriet Beecher Stowe in 1852 helped increase northern opposition to the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850, which was designed to recapture escapees.

In this time, many looked for a compromise, such as having some of the countries”free” and some staying”slave,” or maybe allowing the expansion of slavery for a few more years.

The best known of these attempts is the Crittenden Compromise. This was an unsuccessful proposal by Kentucky Senator John J. Crittenden, which attempted to solve the secession crisis of 1860-1861. It addressed the concerns which were leading to secession, including a preamble, six proposed Constitutional Amendments, and four proposed Congressional resolutions. But both the House and the Senate rejected it in 1861, as it was viewed as making too heavy of concessions to the South. President Lincoln stopped it cold, since he had been elected primarily for opposing the expansion of slavery, and the South’s response to this rejection led almost immediately to the Civil War.

In short, every attempt to compromise failed. Slavery was neither easy to resolve, nor was it an issue that would”go away.” The South stubbornly and firmly maintained the belief that slavery was a needed thing, and they would not stop until they had their ways about it. It would require firmer actions on their part, but mostly, they oriented toward taking it out on”the Negro,” who was supposed to warrant such treatment.

They also bombed black people’s houses, churches and businesses, endangering the life of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. this way dozens of times.

Throughout these dreadful times, the South had sporadic outbursts of lynching, mutilating and burning black men alive. They particularly wanted to oppress the blacks, as they were perceived as”troublemakers,” too poor to be perceived as”real people.” Dr. King’s and many other people’s popular term for black people during his times was”Negros,” and it had been qualified how Negro people felt about themselves and their lives.

During the 1960s, FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover ordered Dr. King to be followed around by listening devices, with all of his places of residents being”bugged,” and several of his personal life statements were put on tape. Howsoever, just before King’s assassination, many black men or Negros wore signs that boldly stated,”I’m a Man” during their protests. They were promoting the idea they were people, and not animals, as they’d been labeled during the slavery period.

In any event, many such black men fought and died passionately for the South during the Civil War for a variety of reasons, including the many unique opinions about slavery and how the general structure of it must be handled. Additionally, many such slaves grew up in close conditions with their white masters, and were really loyal buddies. Their actual circumstances are tough to fathom, but they didn’t want to see the depravity and degradation that would occur should the South lose. Sometimes, slavery wasn’t an whole evil, as some masters were conciliatory, so this caused much factionalism. But overall, it’s thought these black guys were attempting to aid the white South and impress them with their raw courage and utmost perseverance against all odds.

Often, both southern slave and freedmen blacks and their northern counterparts fought with extreme ferocity, leaping into the fray even when their jobs did not entail a soldier’s duty. To begin with, the white North was reluctant to use them, and it took a long time to get the Union Army to accept black troops. They didn’t need them such as the South, where nearly a third of their population was now black. For another, the white southern attitudes which were extremely pro-slavery supposed blacks were supposed to be indolent, permissive and docile. When southern black cooks, bottle-washers and horse tenders leapt gladly into conflict with cries such as”Fo’ Massa!” And”Give it boys – give’em Hell!” for their side of the gruesome fray, whites were shocked, impressed – and appalled.

This caused the development right after the war of many groups of white people who wanted to oppress, subjugate and control the growing black southern population. The most famous of these groups was that the Ku Klux Klan, which of course hid their practices under many other names also, since they were an illegal and secret society of white racial supremacists, which had been formed up immediately following the South lost in the Civil War. The original idea behind the KKK, or Klan as they’re often known, was to”avenge” the losses of the white South – by taking them out on Black Americans.

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