Shot put

Athlete, Shot, Putter, Sport, Field

Lately, Round Rock Wildlife Removal, one of the greatest shot put coaches in the world, asked the question,”What is the most important key to throwing the shot ” Many coaches believed they knew the answer, but everyone failed to realize the simplest and most important component of good shot placing is to”KEEP THE BALL MOVING!” Everything the athlete does throughout the throw, must keep the shot moving. Regardless of what technical philosophy you subscribe to, this is THE NUMBER ONE GOAL!
Currently there are two main kinds of technique that are widely practiced in the shot, the rotation or twist, and the slide. Each of these categories can be further divided into multiple subcategories based on technical philosophy. Mike Young, the US Shot Put Biomechanist, divides the rotational technique into four subcategories: the”linear spin,””rotational twist,””wrapped twist” and the”cartwheel spin.” The slide is split into the”short-long slide” and the”long-short glide.” In this report, I am going to focus on the short-long slide technique, because of the fact it is the most common method of beginning shot putters to learn.
The shot put is an explosive event. In being so, the athlete should first have a good understanding of the power position above all else. Without a proper understanding of the power position and implementation of this stand throw, any other technique development is of little worth.
• Grip
• Heel-Toe Dating
• Axis from head to heel
The stand throw is initiated by pushing the rear heel out and turning the hip completely into the direction of the throw. Upon triple extension (ankle, knee, hip) the athlete strikes the ball out over the toeboard completely extending the throwing arm. The left side must block any further rotation, so the athlete can see the shot land, while the throwing shoulder stays over the toeboard. The athlete shouldn’t be taught to reverse originally, as this should be a natural byproduct of the athlete becoming more explosive off the back leg. It’s often easier for athletes to learn the stand throw by rocking into it, creating a”teeter totter” motion. One of the primary differences between the long-short and short-long glides is when the left foot lands at the front of the circle. From the long-short glide, the athlete strives to land both feet simultaneously. In the short-long glide, the left foot lands after the right, creating a more natural throwing motion. An especially valuable cue for most athletes would be to remind them to stay on the exterior of the power foot while turning it. This will allow the foot to turn completely into the throw.
After there is a basic comprehension of the power position and stand throw, it’s time to move to the rear of the circle and begin to learn the glide. There are lots of different drills and cues to use to educate athletes to glide into a proper power position, but regardless of how a trainer goes about teaching the glide, there are fundamental points and positions that have to be achieved.
There are two unique approaches to the start of the slide, the static beginning, and the dynamic beginning. Most athletes will start with the static start and progress to the lively start as they become more comfortable with this technique. In the static start, the athlete begins in a T-position or crouch. In this position the right-handed athlete must exhibit the following characteristics:
• Shoulders are square to the back of the circle – directly contrary to the toeboard
• Left thumb is turned down
• Left knee stays behind Perfect
• Shoulders do not fall below hip line
In the dynamic start, the athlete usually begins on the feet and quickly sinks down to the crouch position. To begin the movement throughout the circle, the athlete must push the right knee down over the feet, while allowing the hips to sink back and down. As the hips start to”fall” the athlete aggressively pushes off the toes of their right foot, rolling back onto the right heel. The left leg strikes straight and reduced into the base of the toeboard, while the left arm and upper body stay behind the hip axis. The perfect knee is pulled beneath the upper body, striving to pull the knee under the left elbow. By pulling the knee under, the foot should naturally turn and soil between 45 and 90 degrees in the center of the circle. When the left foot lands, the athlete lifts and turns to deliver the shot to the direction of the throw.
• Chin stays even with sternum
• Shot put is 5-8 inches behind a turned right foot at left foot touchdown
• Right knee and hip get turned completely into the direction of the throw
• Upper body remains passive with long left arm until hips face 180 degrees
• Hip should drive into the toeboard
• Athlete sees the shot leave
• Right shoulder finishes over toeboard
• If athlete reverses, eyes finish at 270 degrees
This is a simple synopsis of the fundamental concepts involved in the short-long glide technique. Applying this approach to teaching the glide should enable the coach to come up with a consistent technical philosophy that will maximize the talent level of the throwers involved with the program.

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